Wednesday, July 4, 2012

Malaysia’s Anwar Ibrahim seeks to exploit youthful anger

Malaysian opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim celebrates his acquittal in a politically-charged sodomy trial outside the court in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on January 9, 2012. Now 65, Ibrahim admitted that the upcoming general election is “probably” his last shot at becoming prime minister.

KUALA LUMPUR — On the 14th floor of Malaysia’s Parliament building — a white, honeycombed 1960s box on the Kuala Lumpur skyline — Anwar Ibrahim speaks quietly for a man known domestically as a populist firebrand.

Talk of a general election in the next few months is in the air, on local blogs and even between the lines of the pro-government media, although Najib Razak, the prime minister, could wait until April.

“This will be a different election,” Malaysia’s opposition leader promises, dressed in a subdued blue suit and tie. “We are changing the entire political landscape of the country. I think a growing number, particularly the younger Malaysians, want Malaysia to evolve as a mature, vibrant democracy.”

What many younger Malaysians want was on vivid display two months ago, when tens of thousands of demonstrators turned out in central Kuala Lumpur for a rally organized by Bersih, an opposition-linked civil society group that advocates electoral reform.

The protest ended violently after demonstrators were dispersed by police using water cannons and tear gas.

It was a surprisingly strong showing of popular frustration that placed Anwar yet again in an uncomfortable spotlight, only months after his acquittal on sodomy charges — the latest chapter in a turbulent political career that has taken him from deputy prime minister and anointed leader-in-waiting in the late 1990s to prison, the formation of a political party and back into Parliament.

Video shot at the demonstration by Bersih, which is Malay for “clean,” showed him gesturing to the crowd — leading the attorney general to charge that he had been encouraging demonstrators to breach a barricade and enter a square where public protests are banned.

“Really flimsy,” Anwar says of the charge, repeating the gesture by rolling one hand over another. “Look at it clearly in the point of law, what is the evidence?”

Anwar’s supporters see this as another government-inspired ploy — just like the most recent sodomy charge — to keep him off the campaign trail.

The election will be close. It was at the hands of Anwar’s People’s Alliance that the ruling coalition, dominated by the United Malay National Organization, lost a two-thirds majority in Parliament in 2008 — a shock for a party that has ruled Malaysia since independence.

“The next election will be the most competitive in [the] history of Malaysia,” said Bridget Welsh, an expert in Malaysian affairs at Singapore Management University. “The opposition, while facing problems internally and its own trust deficit, has gained support by moving from problem-raising toward gaining experience at the state level in government offering more options for Malaysians.”

Now 65, Anwar acknowledges this is “probably” his last shot at becoming prime minister. He seems tired for a man facing his best shot yet of governing the country’s complex mix of 28 million Malays, Chinese and Indians.

“We present our manifesto, our policies and, of course, if I get a mandate, I continue. Otherwise, I think I’ll go back to teaching,” Anwar says.

Six years in jail on sodomy charges have taken their toll. Another cat-and-mouse game with Malaysia’s judiciary appears likely, thanks to his hand gestures at the Bersih rally. On Monday, a judge set a date in September for hearing an application by Anwar’s attorneys to dismiss the charge.

Yet he perks up when asked to rate the Najib administration’s record.

Two years ago, the prime minister rolled out a vast “economic transformation program” to more than double per capita income to $15,000 by 2020. The ruling coalition says it has created more than 3.3 million jobs and has been running a billboard campaign for multiethnic cooperation known as “1Malaysia.”

“You talk about ‘1Malaysia,’ but the race divide now is worse than before,” says Anwar. “Who would question the whole spirit of Malaysia? We don’t. But the action [of the government] is something else.”

Anwar’s supporters say he is one of the few whose agenda can pull together the country’s ethnic patchwork. Yet critics say his challenge in power would be holding together his coalition of the ethnic Chinese Democratic Action Party, his own People’s Justice Party and the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party.

“This is not a coalition based on just flimsy deals,” he insists. “We actually crafted clear policies. There may be some minor issues that we could argue on, even within one party or one race. But with the substantive issues, no.”

As he leaves his office, the opposition’s best hope for power seems more energized. But the fact that his office is devoid of any decoration — and that his desk is empty — reveals how pressured he remains.

“We don’t keep papers here because there’s no security here as far as we are concerned. I don’t leave anything here. It’s not good,” Anwar says, quietly again. “But then, that’s how we have to survive.”

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Dan adapun orang-orang yang takut kepada kebesaran Tuhannya dan menahan diri dari keinginan hawa nafsunya. Maka sesungguhnya syurgalah tempat tinggalnya. (al-Naziat ayat 40-41)

"Of all the enemies to public liberty war is, perhaps, the most to be dreaded because it comprises and develops the germ of every other. War is the parent of armies; from these proceed debts and taxes...known instruments for bringing the many under the domination of the few. . . No nation could preserve its freedom in the midst of continual warfare."
- James Madison, Political Observations, 1795

santapan rohani ii

Al-hadith :ثلاثةٌ قد حَرّمَ اللهُ - تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى - عليهم الجنةَ : مُدْمِنُ الخمر ، والعاقّ ، والدّيّوثُ الذييُقِرُّ في أَهْلِهِ الخُبْثَ . رواه أحمد والنسائيErtinya : "Tiga yang telah Allah haramkan baginya Syurga : orang yang ketagih arak, si penderhaka kepada ibu bapa dan Si Dayus yang membiarkan maksiat dilakukan oleh ahli keluarganya" ( Riwayat Ahmad )


Ingatlah firman Allah Taala:
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَتَّخِذُوا بِطَانَةً مِنْ دُونِكُمْ لَا يَأْلُونَكُمْ خَبَالًا وَدُّوا مَا عَنِتُّمْ قَدْ بَدَتِ الْبَغْضَاءُ مِنْ أَفْوَاهِهِمْ وَمَا تُخْفِي صُدُورُهُمْ أَكْبَرُ قَدْ بَيَّنَّا لَكُمُ الْآيَاتِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْقِلُونَ (118) هَا أَنْتُمْ أُولَاءِ تُحِبُّونَهُمْ وَلَا يُحِبُّونَكُمْ وَتُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْكِتَابِ كُلِّهِ وَإِذَا لَقُوكُمْ قَالُوا آمَنَّا وَإِذَا خَلَوْا عَضُّوا عَلَيْكُمُ الْأَنَامِلَ مِنَ الْغَيْظِ قُلْ مُوتُوا بِغَيْظِكُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ بِذَاتِ الصُّدُورِ (119)

Maksudnya: “Wahai orang-orang yang beriman! janganlah kamu mengambil orang-orang yang bukan dari kalangan kamu menjadi “orang dalam” (yang dipercayai). mereka tidak akan berhenti-henti berusaha mendatangkan bencana kepada kamu. mereka sukakan apa yang menyusahkan kamu. telahpun nyata (tanda) kebencian mereka pada pertuturan mulutnya, dan apa yang disembunyikan oleh hati mereka lebih besar lagi. Sesungguhnya telah Kami jelaskan kepada kamu keterangan-keterangan itu jika kamu (mahu) memahaminya. Awaslah! kamu ini adalah orang-orang (yang melanggar larangan), kamu sahajalah yang suka (dan percayakan mereka, sedang mereka tidak suka kepada kamu. kamu juga beriman kepada Segala Kitab Allah (sedang mereka tidak beriman kepada Al-Quran). dan apabila mereka bertemu dengan kamu mereka berkata: “Kami beriman”, tetapi apabila mereka berkumpul sesama sendiri, mereka menggigit hujung jari kerana geram marah (kepada kamu), Katakanlah (Wahai Muhammad): “Matilah kamu Dengan kemarahan kamu itu”. Sesungguhnya Allah sentiasa mengetahui akan Segala (isi hati) yang ada di dalam dada.” [Ali Imran: 118 & 119]
تُولِجُ اللَّيْلَ فِي النَّهَارِ وَتُولِجُ النَّهَارَ فِي اللَّيْلِ وَتُخْرِجُ الْحَيَّ مِنَ الْمَيِّتِ وَتُخْرِجُ الْمَيِّتَ مِنَ الْحَيِّ وَتَرْزُقُ مَنْ تَشَاءُ بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍآل عمران : 27

"Engkaulah (Wahai Tuhan) yang memasukkan waktu malam ke dalam waktu siang, dan Engkaulah yang memasukkan waktu siang ke dalam waktu malam. Engkaulah juga yang mengeluarkan sesuatu yang hidup dari benda yang mati, dan Engkaulah yang mengeluarkan benda yang mati dari sesuatu yang hidup. Engkau jualah yang memberi rezeki kepada sesiapa yang Engkau kehendaki, dengan tiada hitungan hisabnya".


“Siapa yang membantahmu tentang kisah Isa-Setelah engkau beroleh pengetahuan yang meyakinkan tentang hal itu, maka katakanlah kepada mereka : Marilah kita panggil (kumpulan) anak-anak kami dan anak-anak kalian, isteri-isteri kami, dan isteri-isteri kalian, diri-diri kami dan diri-diri kalian, kemudian kita bermubahalah kepada Allah, mohon agar Allah menjatuhkan laknat-Nya kepada pihak yang berdusta.” (Ali Imran : 61)